Family reunion is one of the most serious challenges in UK immigration.
British citizens, migrants with indefinite leave to remain in the UK and persons with refugee leave or humanitarian protection are entitled to bring to the UK their adults dependent relatives – parents, grandparents, siblings or children over the age of 18 – who, as a result of age, illness or disability, require a level of long term personal care which can only be provided in the UK by the UK based relative.
The new rule is a dramatic change to the Rules which were in place prior to July 2012 when dependent parents and grandparents over the age of 65 could settle in the UK with their UK based sponsors.
It is often noted that EEA nationals resident in the UK enjoy much more generous provisions of the EEA Regulations in comparison to the British citizens resident in their country of nationality. In some very limited circumstances British citizens may also take advantage of EU law if they worked and paid taxes in another EU country before returning to the UK.
The relevant immigration rules as they apply today are set out in Appendix FM.